The pet vaccinations your dog should receive depends a great deal on where you live or visit.
A dog who never leaves the New York/New Jersey area has a very specific list of diseases or conditions indigenous to the area and should be vaccinated for Lyme Disease, Leptospirosis and Rabies. So as long as you vaccinate your dog for all the regional threats, you are good to go, right? Well, actually no. Different types of wildlife and insects, even protozoal infections common to New York, may be quite different from those in other areas of the country. For example, Valley Fever is caused by a fungus called coccidioides. This condition is marked by a very harsh and rough, dry cough, a fever, lethargic behaviour and a loss of appetite. It can also cause pain or lameness. So, if you are planning to travel to the Arizona/New Mexico area and your dog is coming with you, you should be aware of this fever and treat accordingly.
If you have recently visited the area and your dog has come down with these type of symptoms, please make sure to notify your veterinarian of your travel right away.
There are so many diseases and health conditions with a primary source of mold and fungi that the list would be endless. Remember though, that any time your pet or you travel outside your primary region there should be concern for exposure to bacteria, fungi and mold that may not be common in your home area and thereby might go undiagnosed or misdiagnosed. Remember to notify your veterinarian regardless of where you are when your pet travels outside of your geographical region.
Lyme disease is relatively rare in areas of the midwest and other regions throughout the country, so if you live in any of these areas and have recently visited the Northeast, and your dog is suddenly limping and painful, your veterinarian may not immediately test for Lyme.
Be sure to always check that your dog is vaccinated for the appropriate regional diseases as well as those in the region where a second home or summer vacation spot might be located.